GZ17-6.02 Inhibits the Growth of EGFRvIII+ Glioblastoma.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) is amplified in over 50% of glioblastomas and promotes tumor formation and progression. However, attempts to treat glioblastoma with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been unsuccessful thus far. The current standard of care is especially poor in patients with a constitutively active form of EGFR, EGFRvIII, which is associated with shorter survival time. This study examined the effect of GZ17-6.02, a novel anti-cancer agent undergoing phase 1 studies, on two EGFRvIII+ glioblastoma stem cells: D10-0171 and D317. In vitro analyses showed that GZ17-6.02 inhibited the growth of both D10-0171 and D317 cells with IC50 values of 24.84 and 28.28 µg/mL respectively. RNA sequencing and reverse phase protein array analyses revealed that GZ17-6.02 downregulates pathways primarily related to steroid synthesis and cell cycle progression. Interestingly, G17-6.02's mechanism of action involves the downregulation of the recently identified glioblastoma super-enhancer genes WSCD1, EVOL2 , and KLHDC8A. Finally, a subcutaneous xenograft model showed that GZ17-6.02 inhibits glioblastoma growth in vivo. We conclude that GZ17-6.02 is a promising combination drug effective at inhibiting the growth of a subset of glioblastomas and our data warrants further preclinical studies utilizing xenograft models to identify patients that may respond to this drug.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Choi, J; Bordeaux, ZA; McKeel, J; Nanni, C; Sutaria, N; Braun, G; Davis, C; Miller, MN; Alphonse, MP; Kwatra, SG; West, CE; Kwatra, MM

Published Date

  • April 10, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 4174 -

PubMed ID

  • 35456993

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9030248

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1422-0067

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1422-0067

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3390/ijms23084174

Language

  • eng