Perioperative and oncologic outcomes of hepatic artery infusion pump therapy at an expanding HAI program.
120 Background: Hepatic artery infusion (HAI) is a liver directed therapy to treat unresectable or resected colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) and unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Historically, HAI has only been performed at few specialized centers; however, there is increasing expansion to new centers. We previously reported safety outcomes of our index year of HAI therapy. We now report safety, feasibility, efficacy and oncologic outcomes for an expanded cohort of 62 patients in an established HAI program. Methods: Patients selected for HAI by multidisciplinary review were evaluated for demographics and perioperative outcomes. Objective hepatic response was calculated according to RECIST 1.1. Overall, hepatic and extrahepatic progression-free survival (PFS) were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method on an intent-to-treat basis. Results: 62 patients were treated with HAI from November 2018-September 2021: 46 for unresectable CRLM, 8 as adjuvant HAI for resected CRLM, and 8 for unresectable ICC. Median age was 54.5 years (range 32-80), 58% were male, and 97% received prior chemotherapy (median 12 cycles, range 0-66). Hepatectomy (18, 29%) and/or colectomy/proctectomy (27, 43.5%) was performed concurrently with pump placement, and 19 (30.6%) were performed robotically. Median operating time was 265 minutes (range 130-526), estimated blood loss was 100 mL (range 22-1000) and length of stay was 5 days (range 1-19). HAI-specific complications occurred in 14% (Table). Floxuridine (FUDR) was initiated in 95% of patients a median of 18.5 days after surgery. Of the 38 patients who received HAI for unresectable CRLM and had measurable disease on imaging, 3- and 6-month hepatic disease control was achieved in 86% (8 partial response [PR], 22 stable disease [SD], 5 progressed [PD]) and 89% (1 complete response, 8 PR, 8 SD, 2 PD), respectively. For patients with at least 3 months follow-up, median PFS, hepatic PFS and extrahepatic PFS were 13 months, 13 months, and 13 months, respectively. Conclusions: HAI can be safely and effectively delivered to well-selected patients with CRLM and ICC. Response rates, disease control and PFS in heavily treated patients with unresectable CRLM comparable to high-volume centers can be achieved at new programs with appropriate expertise. These data support the mission of the newly formed HAI Consortium to critically evaluate efficacy and innovation in HAI therapy through multi-institutional collaboration and contemporary prospective trials.[Table: see text]
Sharib, J; Liu, A; Creasy, J; Wildman-Tobriner, B; Uronis, HE; Strickler, JH; Hsu, DS; Zani, S; Allen, PJ; Lidsky, M
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