Ethics in prenatal consultation for surgically correctable anomalies and fetal intervention.
Pediatric surgeons play an essential role in prenatal consultation for congenital anomalies likely to require surgery in the newborn period. The involvement of pediatric surgeons during multi-disciplinary prenatal meetings has been an important part of the evolution of comprehensive fetal care, characterized by detailed prenatal evaluation, diagnosis, prognosis, and planned perinatal and post-natal care. Advances in fetal diagnostics and treatments, as well as complex postnatal medical care and decision-making create a broad range of care options for pregnant women with fetal surgical anomalies. Ethical challenges involve the availability and risks/benefits of maternal-fetal surgery, and diagnostic and prognostic uncertainty for the newborn. Clinical scenarios illustrate cases that pediatric surgeons may encounter in practice, with discussions highlighting the ethical principles involved as well as considerations for management.
Fry, J; Antiel, RM; Michelson, K; Rowell, E
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