Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Critically Ill Children.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Neonatal and pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has evolved over the past 50 years. Advances in technology, expertise, and application have increased the number of centers providing ECMO with expanded indications for use. However, increasing the use of ECMO in recent years to more medically complex critically ill children has not changed overall survival despite increased experience and improvements in technology. This review focuses on ECMO history, circuits, indications and contraindications, management, complications, and outcome data. The authors highlight important areas of progress, including unintubated and awake patients on ECMO, application during the COVID-19 pandemic, and future directions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cashen, K; Regling, K; Saini, A

Published Date

  • June 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 69 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 425 - 440

PubMed ID

  • 35667755

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1557-8240

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.pcl.2022.01.008


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States