Postoperative Urinary Incontinence in Diabetic Patients Undergoing Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Multicenter Study)

IMPORTANCE: Diabetes is an independent risk factor for urinary incontinence, and its impact on rates of postoperative incontinence after pelvic reconstructive surgery remains unexplored. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the incidence of postoperative stress urinary incontinence (SUI), urgency urinary incontinence (UUI), and mixed urinary incontinence in patients with diabetes mellitus undergoing surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) with or without SUI surgery. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter retrospective cohort study involving 10 diverse medical centers that identified a cohort of women with diabetes who had prolapse and/or anti-incontinence surgery. We compared rates of postoperative urinary incontinence among patients who had surgery for prolapse and incontinence versus surgery for prolapse only. RESULTS: Three hundred five patients had surgery for prolapse and incontinence, 330 had surgery for prolapse only, and 189 had anti-incontinence surgery only. De novo UUI was higher among those who underwent surgery for POP and SUI compared with surgery for POP alone (26.4% vs 14.1%, P < 0.01). Rates of persistent SUI (21% vs 4.9%, P < 0.01) and mixed urinary incontinence (15.9% vs 2.7%, P < 0.01) were higher for those who underwent prolapse surgery alone versus prolapse and an incontinence procedure. No differences were seen in hemoglobin A1C levels between those who did and did not report postoperative UI. CONCLUSIONS: We found that postoperative de novo UUI rates were high among patients with diabetes after pelvic reconstructive surgery, with the incidence being significantly higher for those who had surgery for prolapse and incontinence compared with surgery for prolapse only.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Siddique, M; Ringel, NE; de Winter, KL; Marczak, T; Kisby, C; Rutledge, E; Soriano, A; Samimi, P; Schroeder, M; Handler, S; Chou, J; Gutman, RE

Published Date

  • June 1, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 28 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 372 - 378

PubMed ID

  • 35113049

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2154-4212

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/SPV.0000000000001137

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States