The serine/threonine-protein kinase/endoribonuclease IRE1α protects the heart against pressure overload-induced heart failure.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Heart failure is associated with induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and the unfolded protein response (UPR). The serine/threonine protein kinase/endoribonuclease IRE1α is a key protein in ER stress signal transduction. IRE1α activity can induce both protective UPR and apoptotic downstream signaling events, but the specific role for IRE1α activity in the heart is unknown. A major aim of this study was to characterize the specific contribution of IRE1α in cardiac physiology and pathogenesis. We used both cultured myocytes and a transgenic mouse line with inducible and cardiomyocyte-specific IRE1α overexpression as experimental models to achieve targeted IRE1α activation. IRE1α expression induced a potent but transient ER stress response in cardiomyocytes and did not cause significant effects in the intact heart under normal physiological conditions. Furthermore, the IRE1α-activated transgenic heart responding to pressure overload exhibited preserved function and reduced fibrotic area, associated with increased adaptive UPR signaling and with blunted inflammatory and pathological gene expression. Therefore, we conclude that IRE1α induces transient ER stress signaling and confers a protective effect against pressure overload-induced pathological remodeling in the heart. To our knowledge, this report provides first direct evidence of a specific and protective role for IRE1α in the heart and reveals an interaction between ER stress signaling and inflammatory regulation in the pathologically stressed heart.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Steiger, D; Yokota, T; Li, J; Ren, S; Minamisawa, S; Wang, Y

Published Date

  • June 22, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 293 / 25

Start / End Page

  • 9652 - 9661

PubMed ID

  • 29769316

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6016466

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1083-351X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.RA118.003448


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States