Modulation of in vivo cardiac function by myocyte-specific nitric oxide synthase-3.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Nitric oxide (NO) functions principally as a diffusible paracrine effector. The exception is in cardiomyocytes where both NO synthases (NOS) and target proteins coexist, allowing NO to work in an autocrine/intracrine fashion. However, the most abundant myocyte isoform (NOS3) is far more expressed in vascular endothelium; thus, the in vivo contribution of myocyte-NOS3 remains less clear. The present study tested this role by transfecting whole hearts of NOS3-null (NOS3(-/-)) mice with adenovirus-expressing NOS3 coupled to a alpha-MHC promoter (AdV(NOS3)), comparing results to hearts transfected with marker-gene beta-galactosidase (AdVbeta(gal)). Total myocardial NOS3 protein and activity were restored to near wild-type (WT) levels in NOS3(-/-)+AdV(NOS3) hearts, and NOS3 relocalized normally with caveolin-3. Ejection function by pressure-volume analysis was enhanced in NOS3(-/-)+AdVbeta(gal) over WT or NOS3(-/-)+AdV(NOS3). More prominently, isoproterenol (ISO)-stimulated systolic and diastolic function in WT was amplified in NOS3(-/-)+AdVbeta(gal), whereas NOS3(-/-)+AdV(NOS3) returned the response to control. ISO-activated systolic function was inhibited 85% by concomitant muscarinic stimulation (carbachol) in NOS3(-/-)+AdV(NOS3) but not NOS3(-/-)+AdVbeta(gal) hearts. Lastly, NOS3(-/-)+AdVbeta(gal) mice displayed enhanced inotropy and lusitropy over WT at slower heart rates but a blunted rate augmentation versus controls. A more positive rate response was restored in NOS3(-/-)+AdV(NOS3) (P<0.001). Thus, myocyte autocrine/intracrine NOS3 regulation in vivo can underlie key roles in beta-adrenergic, muscarinic, and frequency-dependent cardiac regulation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Champion, HC; Georgakopoulos, D; Takimoto, E; Isoda, T; Wang, Y; Kass, DA

Published Date

  • March 19, 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 94 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 657 - 663

PubMed ID

  • 14752030

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1524-4571

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1161/01.RES.0000119323.79644.20


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States