Evolution of cranioplasty techniques in neurosurgery: historical review, pediatric considerations, and current trends.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Cranial bone repair is one of the oldest neurosurgical practices. Reconstructing the natural contours of the skull has challenged the ingenuity of surgeons from antiquity to the present day. Given the continuous improvement of neurosurgical and emergency care over the past century, more patients survive such head injuries, thus necessitating more than ever before a simple, safe, and durable means of correcting skull defects. In response, numerous techniques and materials have been devised as the art of cranioplasty has progressed. Although the goals of cranioplasty remain the same, the evolution of techniques and diversity of materials used serves as testimony to the complexity of this task. This paper highlights the evolution of these materials and techniques, with a particular focus on the implications for managing pediatric calvarial repair and emerging trends within the field.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Feroze, AH; Walmsley, GG; Choudhri, O; Lorenz, HP; Grant, GA; Edwards, MSB

Published Date

  • October 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 123 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1098 - 1107

PubMed ID

  • 25699411

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1933-0693

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3171/2014.11.JNS14622


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States