Dietary Diversity and Dietary Patterns in School-Aged Children in Western Kenya: A Latent Class Analysis.
Inadequate diet among children has both immediate and long-term negative health impacts, but little is known about dietary diversity and dietary patterns of school-aged children in rural Kenya. We assessed dietary diversity and identified dietary patterns in school-aged children in Western Kenya using a latent class approach. We collected dietary intake using a 24 h dietary recall among students in elementary schools in two rural villages (hereafter village A and B) in Western Kenya in 2013. The mean (SD) age was 11.6 (2.2) years in village A (n
= 759) and 12.6 (2.2) years in village B (n
= 1143). We evaluated dietary diversity using the 10-food-group-based women's dietary diversity score (WDDS) and found a mean (SD) WDDS of 4.1 (1.4) in village A and 2.6 (0.9) in village B. We identified three distinct dietary patterns in each village using latent class analysis. In both villages, the most diverse pattern (28.5% in A and 57.8% in B) had high consumption of grains, white roots and tubers, and plantains; dairy; meat, poultry, and fish; and other vegetables. Despite variation for some children, dietary diversity was relatively low for children overall, supporting the need for additional resources to improve the overall diet of children in western Kenya.
Liu, T; Broverman, S; Puffer, ES; Zaltz, DA; Thorne-Lyman, AL; Benjamin-Neelon, SE
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