PABP/purine-rich motif as an initiation module for cap-independent translation in pattern-triggered immunity.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Upon stress, eukaryotes typically reprogram their translatome through GCN2-mediated phosphorylation of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor, eIF2α, to inhibit general translation initiation while selectively translating essential stress regulators. Unexpectedly, in plants, pattern-triggered immunity (PTI) and response to other environmental stresses occur independently of the GCN2/eIF2α pathway. Here, we show that while PTI induces mRNA decapping to inhibit general translation, defense mRNAs with a purine-rich element ("R-motif") are selectively translated using R-motif as an internal ribosome entry site (IRES). R-motif-dependent translation is executed by poly(A)-binding proteins (PABPs) through preferential association with the PTI-activating eIFiso4G over the repressive eIF4G. Phosphorylation by PTI regulators mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 and 6 (MPK3/6) inhibits eIF4G's activity while enhancing PABP binding to the R-motif and promoting eIFiso4G-mediated defense mRNA translation, establishing a link between PTI signaling and protein synthesis. Given its prevalence in both plants and animals, the PABP/R-motif translation initiation module may have a broader role in reprogramming the stress translatome.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, J; Zhang, X; Greene, GH; Xu, G; Dong, X

Published Date

  • August 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 185 / 17

Start / End Page

  • 3186 - 3200.e17

PubMed ID

  • 35907403

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9391319

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-4172

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0092-8674

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.cell.2022.06.037

Language

  • eng