Family Strengthening in the Context of COVID-19: Adapting a Community-Based Intervention from Kenya to the United States.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

COVID-19 led to widespread disruption of services that promote family well-being. Families impacted most were those already experiencing disparities due to structural and systemic barriers. Existing support systems faded into the background as families became more isolated. New approaches were needed to deliver evidence-based, low-cost interventions to reach families within communities. We adapted a family strengthening intervention developed in Kenya ("Tuko Pamoja") for the United States. We tested a three-phase participatory adaptation process. In phase 1, we conducted community focus groups including 11 organizations to identify needs and a community partner. In phase 2, the academic-community partner team collaboratively adapted the intervention. We held a development workshop and trained community health workers to deliver the program using an accelerated process combining training, feedback, and iterative revisions. In phase 3, we piloted Coping Together with 18 families, collecting feedback through session-specific surveys and participant focus groups. Community focus groups confirmed that concepts from Tuko Pamoja were relevant, and adaptation resulted in a contextualized intervention-"Coping Together"-an 8-session virtual program for multiple families. As in Tuko Pamoja, communication skills are central and applied for developing family values, visions, and goals. Problem-solving and coping skills then equip families to reach goals, while positive emotion-focused activities promote openness to change. Sessions are interactive, emphasizing skills practice. Participants reported high acceptability and appropriateness, and focus groups suggested that most content was understood and applied in ways consistent with the theory of change. The accelerated reciprocal adaptation process and intervention could apply across resource-constrained settings.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Puffer, ES; Johnson, SL; Quick, KN; Rieder, AD; Mansoor, M; Proeschold-Bell, RJ; Jones, S; Moore-Lawrence, S; Rasmussen, JD; Cucuzzella, C; Burwell, F; Dowdy, L; Moore, F; Rosales, N; Sanyal, A; Ramachandran, P; Duerr, E; Tice, L; Ayuku, D; Boone, WJ

Published Date

  • August 2022

Published In

PubMed ID

  • 36040621

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9425799

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-6695

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1389-4986

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11121-022-01418-9

Language

  • eng