Regional control after precision lymph node dissection for clinically evident melanoma metastasis.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

INTRODUCTION: Completion lymph node dissection (CLND) for microscopic lymph node metastases has been replaced by observation; however, CLND is standard for clinically detectable nodal metastases (cLN). CLND has high morbidity, which may be reduced by excision of only the cLN (precision lymph node dissection [PLND]). We hypothesized that same-basin recurrence risk would be low after PLND. METHODS: Retrospective review at four tertiary care hospitals identified patients who underwent PLND. The primary outcome was 3-year cumulative incidence of isolated same-basin recurrence. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients underwent PLND for cLN without synchronous distant metastases. Reasons for forgoing CLND included patient preference (n = 11), comorbidities (n = 5), imaging indeterminate for distant metastases (n = 2), partial response to checkpoint blockade (n = 1), or not reported (n = 2). A median of 2 nodes (range: 1-6) were resected at PLND, and 68% contained melanoma. Recurrence was observed in 33% overall. Only 1 patient (5%) developed an isolated same-basin recurrence. Cumulative incidences at 3 years were 5.0%, 17.3%, and 49.7% for isolated same-basin recurrence, any same-basin recurrence, and any recurrence, respectively. Complications from PLND were reported in 1 patient (5%). CONCLUSIONS: These pilot data suggest that PLND may provide adequate regional disease control with less morbidity than CLND. These data justify prospective evaluation of PLND in select patients.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lynch, KT; Hu, Y; Farrow, NE; Song, Y; Meneveau, MO; Kwak, M; Lowe, MC; Bartlett, EK; Beasley, GM; Karakousis, GC; Slingluff, CL

Published Date

  • January 2023

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 127 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 140 - 147

PubMed ID

  • 36115028

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1096-9098

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/jso.27100


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States