Sternocleidomastoid Encephalomyosynangiosis for Treatment-Resistant Moyamoya Disease.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Refractory ischemic symptoms in moyamoya disease are a challenging problem, particularly in situations in which multiple direct and indirect revascularization techniques have already been employed. In addition, revascularization of the parietal lobes is difficult, as this area is a watershed between the middle cerebral artery and posterior cerebral artery distributions. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: This is the case of a 50-yr-old woman with hemibody sensorimotor deficits, who had previously undergone bilateral arterial bypass and temporalis myosynangiosis. A method for indirect surgical cerebral revascularization is described, utilizing a rotated and tunneled sternocleidomastoid flap. The perfused muscle is approximated to the cortical surface, with adjacent sulci dissected to expose the underlying vasculature. After sternocleidomastoid encephalomyosynangiosis, the patient experienced symptomatic improvement, along with the appearance of new pial collateral vasculature on diagnostic cerebral angiography. Pre- and postoperative dynamic perfusion computed tomography with acetazolamide challenge demonstrate an increase in cerebral blood flow and decrease in mean transit time, as well as improved cerebrovascular reserve. CONCLUSION: Sternocleidomastoid encephalomyosynangiosis using a tunneled muscle flap is a useful method for revascularization of the parietal and occipital lobes, particularly for refractory moyamoya in cases where a variety of other options have been exhausted.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chiarelli, PA; Patel, AP; Lee, A; Chandra, SR; Sekhar, LN

Published Date

  • July 1, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 1

Start / End Page

  • E23 - E28

PubMed ID

  • 30169838

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2332-4260

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/ons/opy234


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States