Distributed information encoding and decoding using self-organized spatial patterns.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Dynamical systems often generate distinct outputs according to different initial conditions, and one can infer the corresponding input configuration given an output. This property captures the essence of information encoding and decoding. Here, we demonstrate the use of self-organized patterns that generate high-dimensional outputs, combined with machine learning, to achieve distributed information encoding and decoding. Our approach exploits a critical property of many natural pattern-formation systems: in repeated realizations, each initial configuration generates similar but not identical output patterns due to randomness in the patterning process. However, for sufficiently small randomness, different groups of patterns that arise from different initial configurations can be distinguished from one another. Modulating the pattern-generation and machine learning model training can tune the tradeoff between encoding capacity and security. We further show that this strategy is scalable by implementing the encoding and decoding of all characters of the standard English keyboard.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lu, J; Tsoi, R; Luo, N; Ha, Y; Wang, S; Kwak, M; Baig, Y; Moiseyev, N; Tian, S; Zhang, A; Gong, NZ; You, L

Published Date

  • October 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 3 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 100590 -

PubMed ID

  • 36277815

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9583124

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2666-3899

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2666-3899

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.patter.2022.100590


  • eng