Antimicrobial stewardship in solid organ transplant recipients: Current challenges and proposed metrics.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

BACKGROUND: Solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients are challenging populations for antimicrobial stewardship interventions due to a variety of reasons, including immunosuppression, consequent risk of opportunistic and donor-derived infections, high rates of infection with multi-drug resistant organisms (MDROs), Clostridioides difficile, and need for prolonged antimicrobial prophylaxis. Despite this, data on stewardship interventions and metrics that address the distinct needs of these patients are limited. METHODS: We performed a narrative review of the current state of antimicrobial stewardship in SOT recipients, existing interventions and metrics in this population, and considerations for implementation of transplant-specific stewardship programs. RESULTS: Antimicrobial stewardship metrics are evolving even in the general patient population. Data on metrics applicable to the SOT population are even more limited. Standard process, outcomes, and balancing metrics may not always apply to the SOT population. A successful stewardship program for SOT recipients requires reviewing existing data, applying general stewardship principles, and understanding the nuances of SOT patients. CONCLUSION: As antimicrobial stewardship interventions are being implemented in SOT recipients; new metrics are needed to assess their impact. In conclusion, SOT patients present a challenging but important opportunity for antimicrobial stewards. ABBREVIATIONS: SOT, antimicrobial stewardship program, MDRO, Clostridioides difficile infection, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Infectious Diseases Society of America, prospective audit and feedback, hematopoietic cell transplant, cytomegalovirus, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, surgical site infections, nucleic acid amplification testing, days of therapy, defined daily dose, and length of stay.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Raglow, Z; Advani, SD; Aitken, SL; Patel, PK

Published Date

  • October 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 24 / 5

Start / End Page

  • e13883 -

PubMed ID

  • 36254525

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1399-3062

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/tid.13883

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Denmark