Effect of Immunosuppressive Therapy and Biopsy Status in Monitoring Therapy Response in Suspected Cardiac Sarcoidosis.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Patients with suspected cardiac sarcoidosis frequently undergo fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) imaging to assess disease activity at baseline and after treatment initiation. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effect of immunosuppressive therapy and biopsy status to achieve complete treatment response (CTR), partial treatment response (PTR), or no response (NR) on myocardial FDG-PET/CT. METHODS: This study analyzed 83 patients with suspected cardiac sarcoidosis (aged 53 ± 1.8 years, 71% were male, 69% were White, 61% had a history of biopsy-confirmed sarcoidosis) who were treatment naive, had evidence of myocardial FDG at baseline, and underwent repeat PET imaging after treatment initiation. CTR was graded visually, and PTR/NR were measured both visually and quantitatively using the total glycolytic activity. Patients were also evaluated for the occurrence of death, sustained ventricular arrhythmias, and heart failure admissions. RESULTS: Overall, 59 patients (71%) achieved CTR/PTR (30%/41%) at follow-up scan (P = 0.04). Total glycolytic activity and visual estimate of PTR/NR had excellent agreement (κ = 0.86 [95% CI: 0.72-0.99]; P < 0.0001). In patients receiving prednisone only, the highest rates of CTR/PTR were observed in patients initiated on moderate or high dose (P < 0.01). In a regression model, moderate prednisone start dose (P = 0.03) was more strongly associated with achieving CTR/PTR than was high prednisone start dose. However, the latter patients were tapered faster between start dose and follow-up scan (P < 0.01). After a median follow-up of 4.7 (IQR: 3.1-7.8) years, patients who were biopsy-proven (vs non-biopsy-proven; P = 0.029) and with preserved left ventricular function (P = 002) were less likely to experience major adverse cardiac events. Outcomes based on treatment response status (CTR vs PTR vs NR; P = 0.23) were not significantly different. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with suspected sarcoidosis and evidence of myocardial inflammation, treatment response by serial FDG-PET was variable, but a favorable response was more common when using moderate-to-high intensity prednisone dose. Biopsy-proven individuals and those with preserved systolic function were less likely to experience adverse outcomes during follow-up.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rojulpote, C; Bhattaru, A; Jean, C; Adams, SL; Patel, V; Vidula, MK; Selvaraj, S; Dubroff, J; Peyster, E; Clancy, CB; Patterson, K; Marchlinski, FE; Rossman, M; Goldberg, L; Bravo, PE

Published Date

  • November 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1944 - 1955

PubMed ID

  • 36357136

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1876-7591

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jcmg.2022.05.015


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States