An In Vivo Definition of Brain Histamine Dynamics Reveals Critical Neuromodulatory Roles for This Elusive Messenger.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
Histamine is well known for mediating peripheral inflammation; however, this amine is also found in high concentrations in the brain where its roles are much less known. In vivo chemical dynamics are difficult to measure, thus fundamental aspects of histamine's neurochemistry remain undefined. In this work, we undertake the first in-depth characterization of real time in vivo histamine dynamics using fast electrochemical tools. We find that histamine release is sensitive to pharmacological manipulation at the level of synthesis, packaging, autoreceptors and metabolism. We find two breakthrough aspects of histamine modulation. First, differences in H3 receptor regulation between sexes show that histamine release in female mice is much more tightly regulated than in male mice under H3 or inflammatory drug challenge. We hypothesize that this finding may contribute to hormone-mediated neuroprotection mechanisms in female mice. Second, a high dose of a commonly available antihistamine, the H1 receptor inverse agonist diphenhydramine, rapidly decreases serotonin levels. This finding highlights the sheer significance of pharmaceuticals on neuromodulation. Our study opens the path to better understanding and treating histamine related disorders of the brain (such as neuroinflammation), emphasizing that sex and modulation (of serotonin) are critical factors to consider when studying/designing new histamine targeting therapeutics.
- Berger, SN; Baumberger, B; Samaranayake, S; Hersey, M; Mena, S; Bain, I; Duncan, W; Reed, MC; Nijhout, HF; Best, J; Hashemi, P
- November 2022
Volume / Issue
- 23 / 23
Start / End Page
- 14862 -
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)