Correlation of Engraftment and Time from Melphalan Administration to Stem Cell Infusion.

Journal Article (Multicenter Study;Journal Article)

Single-agent, high-dose melphalan continues to be the most commonly used conditioning regimen for transplantation-eligible patients with multiple myeloma undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation. The timing of melphalan administration with respect to stem cell infusion has not been clearly defined. Many institutions require a minimum of 24 hours between melphalan administration and stem cell infusion; however, some institutions have adopted shorter intervals based on melphalan's short half-life. Some studies have suggested that shortening the interval between melphalan administration and stem cell infusion may contribute to delays in engraftment, but this correlation has not been clearly evaluated or defined. This multicenter retrospective cohort study evaluated the times to neutrophil and platelet engraftment in patients who received stem cells at least 24 hours after melphalan (≥24 hours cohort) compared with those who received stem cells within 24 hours of melphalan (<24 hours cohort. The study included a total of 723 adult patients, 502 patients in the ≥24 hours cohort and 221 in the <24 hours cohort, treated at 3 transplantation centers between January 1, 2016, and September 30, 2019. Patient characteristics were summarized using descriptive statistics. The Fisher exact test was used to compare nominal categorical variables between the 2 cohorts, and the nonparametric van der Waerden test or Mood median test was used to compare ordinal or continuous variables. The median time to neutrophil engraftment was 12 days for both the ≥24 hours cohort (interquartile range [IQR], 11 to 12 days) and the <24 hours cohort (IQR, 11 to 13 days) (P = .07). The median time to platelet engraftment was 19 days for both the ≥24 hours cohort (IQR, 17 to 22 days) and <24 hours cohort (IQR, 17 to 20 days) (P = .25). The median time between melphalan administration and stem cell infusion in the <24 hours cohort was 18 hours, with a minimum time of 12 hours. The existing literature has not clearly defined the impact of the timing between melphalan administration and stem cell infusion on engraftment in autologous transplantation. The ability to safely shorten the interval between chemotherapy and transplantation could increase logistical flexibility and/or decrease the length of hospital stay. This large multicenter retrospective study did not identify a statistical or clinical impact on engraftment when melphalan was infused <24 hours or ≥24 hours before autologous stem cell infusion.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shuman, K; Palmer, S; Anders, B; Moore, D; Ptachcinski, J; Grgic, T; Alexander, M; Hill, L; Sung, AD; Armistead, PM; Kennedy, L; Shaw, JR

Published Date

  • January 2023

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 29 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 36.e1 - 36.e5

PubMed ID

  • 36404519

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2666-6367

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jtct.2022.10.017


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States