Real-time quantitative PCR of telomerase mRNA is useful for the differentiation of benign and malignant pancreatic disorders.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The presence of telomerase activity has been proposed as a specific and sensitive marker for malignant tissue, and positivity rates of up to 95% have been reported in pancreatic cancer. In the present study telomerase activity analysis was reevaluated in 29 pancreatic cancer tissues compared with 36 chronic pancreatitis tissues and 21 normal controls, and a study was made of whether malignant and benign pancreatic disorders can be better differentiated using a novel technique real-time quantitative PCR analysis-analyzing telomerase mRNA expression. Telomerase activity was present in 35% (10 of 29) of pancreatic cancer samples, 3% (one of 36) of chronic pancreatitis samples, and none of the normal pancreatic tissue samples in the TRAP assay. Real-time quantitative PCR analysis revealed the presence of telomerase mRNA expression in 50% (10 of 20) of normal, 86% (31 of 36) of chronic pancreatitis, and 90% (26 of 29) of pancreatic cancer samples. However, quantification of the expression data revealed that the relative increase above normal was 5.5 (range, 3.5-8.6) for chronic pancreatitis and 23.9 (range, 18.6-30.7) for pancreatic cancer samples (p < 0.01). No relationship was found between telomerase activity and the fold increase of telomerase mRNA above normal and gender, patient age, tumor stage, or tumor grade. These data indicate that detection of telomerase activity using the TRAP assay has limitations in differentiating benign and malignant pancreatic disorders. However, telomerase mRNA analysis by real-time quantitative PCR analysis allows a highly sensitive detection and differentiation of pancreatic cancer from normal pancreas and chronic pancreatitis and thereby may serve as a new reliable, easy, and effective diagnostic tool for cancer diagnosis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Büchler, P; Conejo-Garcia, JR; Lehmann, G; Müller, M; Emrich, T; Reber, HA; Büchler, MW; Friess, H

Published Date

  • May 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 331 - 340

PubMed ID

  • 11345132

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0885-3177

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/00006676-200105000-00001


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States