Macrophages infiltrating the tissue in chronic pancreatitis express the chemokine receptor CCR5.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: The immunologic mechanisms involved in the development of chronic pancreatitis (CP) are poorly understood. Chronically inflamed tissues contain increased numbers of mononuclear cells expressing the CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5), which is also a coreceptor for HIV entry of macrophagetropic strains. However, whether this receptor is involved in the inflammatory process in CP is not known. In the current study, we analyzed the expression of CCR5 in CP. The detection of chemokine receptors on inflammatory cells would strongly suggest their involvement in the pathogenesis of CP (i.e., attraction and activation of these cells). To further evaluate this, we consecutively analyzed the expression of 2 ligands of CCR5: RANTES and MIP-alpha. METHODS: Pancreatic tissue samples of 22 patients with CP and of 7 healthy pancreas were evaluated. CCR5, RANTES, and MIP-1alpha were analyzed by Northern blot analysis. Consecutive tissue sections were stained for CCR5, CD3, and CD68 to define the leukocyte subtype expressing CCR5 in CP. RESULTS: By Northern blot analysis, CCR5, RANTES, and MIP-1alpha messenger RNA (mRNA) levels were 12.9-fold, 13.3-fold and 9.2-fold higher in CP specimens compared with healthy controls, respectively (P<.01). Immunostaining for CCR5 revealed a 30-fold increase of CCR5-positive cells in CP tissue compared with the healthy pancreas. Staining of consecutive tissue sections revealed that the majority of CCR5-positive cells were also CD68-positive (macrophages). CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that a remarkable portion of CCR5-positive cells in CP are macrophages. CCR5 is most likely involved in the attraction and activation of these macrophages, since the CCR5 ligands RANTES and MIP-1alpha are concomitantly upregulated.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Goecke, H; Forssmann, U; Uguccioni, M; Friess, H; Conejo-Garcia, JR; Zimmermann, A; Baggiolini, M; Büchler, MW

Published Date

  • November 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 128 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 806 - 814

PubMed ID

  • 11056444

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0039-6060

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1067/msy.2000.108613


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States