Postrelease mortality among persons hospitalized during their incarceration.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: Health and mortality of people released from incarceration have received increased attention, and yet little is known about the postrelease experiences of those hospitalized during incarceration. METHODS: For persons incarcerated and released from the North Carolina (NC) state prison system between January 1, 2008, and June 30, 2015, we examined postrelease mortality from 2008 to 2016 by history of prison hospitalization. RESULTS: Among 111,479 released persons, 0.9% (n = 1010) were hospitalized during their incarceration, and of those, 10.5% (n = 106) died during follow-up compared with 3.2% (3511/110,469) of other released persons. Those hospitalized in prison had a higher postrelease death rate (adjusted hazard ratio: 2.44), a lower 8-year conditional probability of survival (0.80 vs. 0.94), and were more likely to die from chronic causes (79.2% vs. 51.0%) than other released persons. The postrelease standardized mortality rate among men hospitalized in prison was 3.1 times higher than that of those not hospitalized and 7.1 times the rate of all NC men. CONCLUSIONS: People hospitalized during incarceration constitute a particularly vulnerable, yet relatively easily identifiable priority population to focus health interventions supporting continuity of care after prison release. Yet such efforts may be particularly challenging in NC and other Medicaid non-expansion states.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rosen, DL; Kavee, AL; Brinkley-Rubinstein, L

Published Date

  • May 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 45 /

Start / End Page

  • 54 - 60

PubMed ID

  • 32327270

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC7245541

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-2585

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.annepidem.2020.03.006


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States