Linking women experiencing incarceration to community-based HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis care: protocol of a pilot trial.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Women experiencing incarceration (WEI) engage in high rates of sex- and drug-related behavior that places them at risk for HIV. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an efficacious means of reducing HIV acquisition. There is a general lack of knowledge regarding PrEP among women at elevated risk, and only a small percentage of at-risk women are currently engaged in PrEP care. The period of incarceration represents an opportunity to identify at-risk women, initiate PrEP during incarceration, and establish linkage to community-based PrEP care upon release from incarceration. Further, post-release is a time period that is particularly risky, and there are numerous barriers, including substance use, that may impede linkage to community-based care in the absence of intervention. The current protocol describes plans for the development and pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) of an intervention to promote PrEP uptake during incarceration and facilitate linkage to community-based PrEP care post-release. METHODS/DESIGN: The motivational interviewing-navigation (MI-NAV) study intervention is being developed, refined, and tested over three phases within the framework of the social ecological model. All phases of the study are being conducted at a women's correctional facility and community-based PrEP provider located in the Northeastern region of the United States. Phase 1 consists of individual qualitative interviews to be conducted with key stakeholders (n = 6-10) from the community-based PrEP care site and (n = 6-10) from the women's correctional facility, as well as with (n = 18-30) WEI. Recruitment for Phase 1 was initiated in November 2017. In Phase 2, MI-NAV will be piloted with a small cohort (n = 8-12) of WEI and will be refined based upon participant feedback. During Phase 3, a pilot RCT of MI-NAV and a standard of care condition will be conducted with 80 WEI. RCT participants will complete baseline and follow-up assessments 1, 3, and 6 months post-release. The primary study outcome is linkage to community-based PrEP care, verified via medical records. DISCUSSION: This study will develop and evaluate a psychosocial intervention (MI-NAV) to promote PrEP uptake and facilitate linkage to community-based PrEP care among women at-risk for HIV. It is expected that, as a result of this project, the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of MI-NAV will be determined. If found to be efficacious, this intervention has the potential to reduce HIV acquisition in a high-need, underserved community. Clinical trial registration NCT03281343.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ramsey, SE; Ames, EG; Brinkley-Rubinstein, L; Teitelman, AM; Clarke, J; Kaplan, C

Published Date

  • March 4, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 8 -

PubMed ID

  • 30832717

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6398222

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1940-0640

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/s13722-019-0137-5


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England