Expression of EGF receptor and transferrin by F9 and PC13 teratocarcinoma cells.
We document the time of appearance and the levels of two markers of differentiation during the formation of embryoid bodies by two embryonal carcinoma (EC) cell lines. Neither of these markers has been described before for EC cells differentiating in aggregate culture, and they further extend the identification and characterization of new cell types. Both F9 and PC13 EC cell lines form embryoid bodies (so-called because they resemble early mouse embryos) with an outer epithelial layer of visceral endoderm cells, after suspension culture in the presence of retinoic acid. However, the two cell lines differ in the procedures needed to initiate the differentiation process. Once floating aggregate cultures have been formed, the time course of the appearance of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors and of the secretion of transferrin are similar in both cell lines, although the levels differ. EGF receptors and transferrin are quantified by 125I-EGF binding assays and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) using specific antibodies, respectively. The expression of EGF receptors increases about two fold while that of transferrin increases up to 40 fold after treating F9 aggregates with retinoic acid. The EGF receptors reach a maximum 4 days after adding retinoic acid and then decline, while transferrin only increases later from a low but detectable level. For PC13 cells, EGF receptors increase tenfold, and transferrin synthetic rate increases 40 fold during the time-course. Interestingly, unstimulated F9 cells in monolayer cultures also express low levels of these markers, while the levels in PC13 EC cells are barely detectable above background.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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