Purification and characterization of ornithine transcarbamoylase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Ornithine transcarbamoylase (OTCase) has been purified in 100-mg quantities from a plasmid-containing, enzyme-overproducing strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The specific activity of the homogeneous enzyme is 2.5-fold above that previously reported. The molecular weight and partial specific volume of OTCase were determined by sedimentation equilibrium in solutions containing H2O and D2O. Data from two rotor speeds were simultaneously fit using nonlinear least squares analysis with multiple independent variables giving a molecular weight of 110,000 +/- 2,200 and a partial specific volume of 0.732 +/- 0.006 ml g-1. The ultraviolet absorption spectrum of OTCase gives a specific absorbance at 280 nm of 0.36. This low value is consistent with a small number of aromatic residues. Amino acid analysis, fluorescence, and multicomponent analysis yield 1 tryptophan, 4 tyrosine, and 24 phenylalanine/polypeptide chain. From an analysis of the circular dichroic spectrum, it was determined that OTCase contained 22% alpha-helix, 43% beta-sheet, 8% beta-turn, and 27% random structure. The fluorescence of the single tryptophan/polypeptide chain has an emission maximum at 320 nm, indicating a hydrophobic environment.
Eisenstein, E; Osborne, JC; Chaiken, IM; Hensley, P
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