Conformational considerations in the design of dual antagonists of platelet-activating factor (PAF) and histamine.
Following the discovery of the first dual antagonist of platelet-activating factor (PAF) and histamine, 1-acetyl-4-(8-chloro-5,6-dihydro-11H-benzo[5,6]cyclohepta[1,2-b]pyridin- 11-ylidene)piperidine, Sch 37370, 1, a related series of structures, exemplified by (+/-)-1-acetyl-4-(8-chloro-5,6-dihydro-11H-benzo[5,6]-cyclohepta[1,2-b] pyridin-11-yl)piperazine, Sch 40338, 2, were prepared. Interestingly, the compounds exhibited a parallel structure antiallergy activity relationship, suggesting that the two series may adopt a common conformation at the PAF receptor. Conformational analysis led to a proposal for this bioactive conformation accessible to both series. The synthesis of novel conformationally constrained analogues that might mimic the proposed bioactive conformation of these compounds, and the evaluation of their in vitro antiallergy activity form the subject matter of this report.
Kaminski, JJ; Carruthers, NI; Wong, SC; Chan, TM; Billah, MM; Tozzi, S; McPhail, AT
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