Long-term use of narcotic analgesics in chronic pain.


Journal Article

The use of narcotic analgesics have been avoided by clinicians in patients with chronic pain syndromes. Uncertainty as to the etiological cause of chronic pain, development of addiction and habituation and associated psychological and behavioral symptoms found in chronic pain states which are not amenable to narcotic medications are the major reasons narcotics are not prescribed. This communication describes the long-term use of low dose narcotic analgesics as a treatment component of a comprehensive pain management program and addresses the questions of whether or not narcotic efficacy is maintained in long-term use, improvement of patients' function is continued and side effects develop as a result of this treatment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • France, RD; Urban, BJ; Keefe, FJ

Published Date

  • 1984

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 1379 - 1382

PubMed ID

  • 6152361

Pubmed Central ID

  • 6152361

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0277-9536

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0277-9536(84)90027-3


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England