Characterization of prostate-tissue-directed monoclonal antibody, alpha-Pro 13.

Published

Journal Article

The alpha-Pro 13-secreting hybridoma was produced by immunizing mice with an equal mixture of PC-3, DU145, and LNCaP established prostatic carcinoma cell lines. The specificity of alpha-Pro 13 monoclonal antibody was evaluated by the criteria of differential binding to cultured cells; differential binding to extracts of malignant prostate, nonmalignant prostate, and malignant and nonmalignant tissues of various histiotypes in solid phase radioimmunoassay; and by immunoperoxidase staining of primary surgical tissues of varied histiotypes. The data generated by multiple assay investigation indicate that alpha-Pro 13 exhibits preferential binding to the ductal epithelium of prostate tissue; immunoperoxidase evaluation indicates a considerable heterogeneity of staining of ductal epithelial cells. The most prevalent cross-reactivity of alpha-Pro 13 monoclonal antibody with non-prostate tissue occurs with blood vessel endothelium of restricted tissues. Electrophoretic analysis of immunoprecipitates from radioiodinated prostatic tumor extracts indicates that the molecule recognized by alpha-Pro 13 is of 120,000 dalton apparent nonreduced molecular weight. Under reducing conditions, the antigen (p40) consists of a major component of 40,000 dalton apparent MW and a minor component of 17,000 dalton MW. p40 has an isoelectric point of 3.5-4.5. The antigen is intrinsically stable on the PC-3 cell surface; its release into spent culture medium is negligible. p40 is also stable upon complexation with alpha-Pro 13 antibody in that it is not shed from the cell surface as an immune complex nor is it endocytosed to any extent as an immune complex.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Webb, KS; Paulson, DF; Parks, SF; Tuck, FL; Walther, PJ; Ware, JL

Published Date

  • 1984

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 7 - 17

PubMed ID

  • 6375858

Pubmed Central ID

  • 6375858

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0340-7004

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/bf00205491

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Germany