Nitric oxide-dependent osteopontin expression induces metastatic behavior in HepG2 cells.

Published

Journal Article

Our objective was to delineate the role of nitric oxide (NO) in osteopontin (OPN)-associated metastatic properties in HepG2 cells. OPN is the major phosphoprotein secreted by malignant cells in patients with advanced metastatic cancer, is frequently overexpressed in human tumors, and has been implicated as a key mediator of tumor cell metastasis. OPN is significantly overexpressed in hepatocellular cancer (HCC) and correlates with capsular infiltration and behavior. In addition, significantly increased inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and NO expression are found in HCC. In archived human samples of normal, cirrhotic, and HCC livers, we demonstrate that iNOS and OPN protein are strongly coexpressed in hepatoma cells. In the setting of cirrhosis, hepatocytes express iNOS, but not OPN. Further in vitro studies performed with HepG2 hepatocellular cancer cells demonstrate that exogenous NO transcriptionally upregulates OPN expression. Enhanced expression of OPN in this setting is associated with increased in vitro cell adhesion and invasion. These data suggest that NO enhances HCC expression of OPN and, as a result, conveys a metastatic phenotype.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Guo, H; Marroquin, CE; Wai, PY; Kuo, PC

Published Date

  • July 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 50 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1288 - 1298

PubMed ID

  • 16047475

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16047475

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0163-2116

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10620-005-2775-6

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States