Pituitary oncocytomas: clinical features, characteristics in cell culture, and treatment recommendations.
To determine whether there are significant differences between oncocytomas and pituitary adenomas, we evaluated clinical features, treatment regimens and outcome in 23 males and 9 females (average age 64 years, range 43-81 years) with the histologic diagnosis of pure pituitary oncocytomas (> 95% oncocytes). Symptom duration was six to twelve months in 6 cases (19%) and more than one year in 19 cases (59%). Three patients presented with sudden onset of symptoms, and were found to have hemorrhage within their tumors. Visual loss (69%) and symptoms of hypopituitarism (44%) were the most common presenting complaints. Preoperative endocrine profiles revealed abnormalities in most cases, including pituitary insufficiency in 56% and hyperprolactinemia in 59%. The tumors were typically large at presentation; all but one had suprasellar extension. 28 patients underwent transsphenoidal tumor resections; 4 underwent subfrontal craniotomies. Gross dural invasion was found at surgery in 11 cases. At a mean followup of 31 months (range 2-68 months), recurrent tumor was identified in 4 patients (12.5%). Tumor size, dural invasion, preoperative endocrine profile, and postoperative radiotherapy did not correlate with recurrence. Among seven oncocytomas grown in culture, five demonstrated two distinct cell types consisting of oncocytes and typical adenoma cells, respectively. Oncocytomas often have a different clinical presentation than functional pituitary adenomas.
Silbergeld, DL; Mayberg, MR; Berger, MS; Ali-Osman, F; Kelly, WA; Shaw, CM
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