Down-regulation of cathepsin B expression impairs the invasive and tumorigenic potential of human glioblastoma cells.

Journal Article

Increases in abundance of cathepsin B transcript and protein correlate with increases in tumor grade and alterations in subcellular localization and activity of cathepsin B. The enzyme is able to degrade the components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and activate other proteases capable of degrading ECM. To investigate the role played by this protease in the invasion of brain tumor cells, we transfected SNB19 human glioblastoma cells with a plasmid containing cathepsin B cDNA in antisense orientation. Control cells were transfected with vector alone. Clones expressing antisense cathepsin B cDNA exhibited significant reductions in cathepsin B mRNA, enzyme activity and protein compared to controls. Matrigel Invasion assay showed that the antisense-transfected cells had a markedly diminished invasiveness compared with controls. When tumor spheroids containing antisense transfected SNB19 cells expressing reduced cathepsin B were co-cultured with fetal rat brain aggregates, invasion of fetal rat brain aggregates was significantly reduced. Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) expressing parental cells and antisense transfectants were generated for detection in mouse brain tissue without any post-chemical treatment. Intracerebral injection of SNB19 stable antisense transfectants resulted in reduced tumor formation in nude mice. These results strongly support a role for cathepsin B in the invasiveness of human glioblastoma cells and suggest cathepsin B antisense may prove useful in cancer therapy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mohanam, S; Jasti, SL; Kondraganti, SR; Chandrasekar, N; Lakka, SS; Kin, Y; Fuller, GN; Yung, AW; Kyritsis, AP; Dinh, DH; Olivero, WC; Gujrati, M; Ali-Osman, F; Rao, JS

Published Date

  • June 21, 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 28

Start / End Page

  • 3665 - 3673

PubMed ID

  • 11439329

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0950-9232

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/sj.onc.1204480

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England