Therapeutic efficacy of antiglioma mesenchymal extracellular matrix 131I-radiolabeled murine monoclonal antibody in a human glioma xenograft model.
The development of Mabs, particularly those reactive with primary brain tumors but not with normal brain, provides a potential means of delivering therapeutic agents selectively to human malignant gliomas. Mab 81C6, an IgG2b immunoglobulin, which defines an epitope of the glioma-associated extracellular matrix protein tenascin, has been shown to bind to human glioma cell lines, glioma xenografts in nude mice, and primary human gliomas, but not to normal adult or fetal brain. To test the therapeutic potential of this Mab for targeted delivery of isotopes, nude mice bearing progressively growing s.c. xenografts of D-54 MG, a human glioma cell line, were given injections via the tail vein of either buffer, unlabeled 81C6, 131I-labeled 81C6, or 131I-labeled 45.6, a nonspecific control Mab of the same isotype. Specific activities of the Mab range from 6.0 to 15.5 mCi/mg with protein doses from 7.6 to 167 micrograms. The doses given by injection per animal for labeled 81C6 were 50, 250, 500, and 1000 mu Ci and 500 and 1000 mu Ci for 45.6. Tumor response was measured by growth delay in reaching 1000 or 5000 mm3 tumor volumes using the Wilcoxon rank sum test, and by comparing the proportion of tumors that had regression in volume after treatment using the Fisher exact test. Statistically significant growth delays at 1000 mm3 were noted in 1 of 3 experiments with 500 mu Ci 81C6 (P less than 0.001) and 2 of 3 for 1000 mu Ci 81C6 (P = 0.001 and less than 0.001). At 5000 mm3, statistically significant growth delays were seen with radiolabeled 81C6 in 2 of 2 experiments at 250 mu Ci (P = 0.01 and 0.02), 4 of 4 at 500 mu Ci (P = 0.03-less than 0.001), and 2 of 2 at 1000 mu Ci (P = less than or equal to 0.001) and with radiolabeled 45.6 in 1 of 1 at 1000 mu Ci (P = 0.01). The percentage of animals with tumor regression progressively increased with increasing doses of isotope. For radiolabeled 45.6, there were 0 of 10 regressors at 500 and 1 of 10 at 1000 mu Ci. For radiolabeled 81C6, there were 0 of 6 regressors at 50 mu Ci, 1 of 16 (6%) at 250 mu Ci, 7 of 38 (18%) at 500, and 15 of 28 (54%) at 1000 mu Ci. Statistically significant tumor regression was seen only at doses of 500 and 1000 mu Ci of 131I-81C6.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Lee, YS; Bullard, DE; Zalutsky, MR; Coleman, RE; Wikstrand, CJ; Friedman, HS; Colapinto, EV; Bigner, DD
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