Mechanisms of pertussis toxin-induced myelomonocytic cell adhesion: role of Mac-1(CD11b/CD18) and urokinase receptor (CD87).

Published

Journal Article

Stimulation of monoblastic U937 cells with transforming growth factor beta 1 and 1,25-(OH)2 vitamin D3 (TGF-beta 1/D3) upregulates urokinase receptor (uPAR) and confers urokinase-dependent adhesiveness to the cells for serum- or vitronectin-coated surfaces. Recent studies show that uPAR itself is a high-affinity adhesion receptor for vitronectin and that urokinase (uPA) is an activator of this adhesive function. In the course of exploring possible G-protein involvement in this adhesion it was observed that TGF-beta 1/D3-primed U937 cells became adhesive to vitronectin in an uPAR-dependent manner when exposed to pertussis toxin (PTX). The adherent response is concentration- and time-dependent, and was not due to the ADP-ribosyltransferase activity of the toxin because the purified B-subunit of PTX was equally effective. Although promoting adhesion to serum- or vitronectin-coated surfaces, PTX blocked spontaneous cell adhesion to fibrinogen, an endogenous ligand for the Mac-1 receptor (CD11b/CD18). Flow cytometry study showed that expression of the alpha-subunit of Mac-1 (CD11b) on primed cells was increased by nearly threefold. Monoclonal antibody to CD11b abolished the PTX-induced cell adhesion and the binding of the primed cells to PTX-coated plates. Activation of Mac-1 receptor by its endogenous ligand fibrinogen induced cell adherent response similar to PTX. PTX, but not uPA, triggered a rapid rise in [Ca2+]i in primed U937 cells, and PTX-induced adhesion was significantly attenuated by 1,2-bis-(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid/acetoxy-methyl ester (BAPTA/AM), a selective membrane-permeant [Ca2+]i chelator. PTX-induced cell adhesion was also prevented by antibodies to uPAR and by conditioned medium containing soluble uPAR. Together these data indicate that PTX B-subunit may bind to Mac-1 integrin, which leads to a rapid rise in [Ca2+]i and subsequent activation of uPAR for adherence to vitronectin, suggesting a functional link between Mac-1 and activation of uPAR important to cellular trafficking and host defence in response to Bordetella pertussis infection.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wong, WS; Simon, DI; Rosoff, PM; Rao, NK; Chapman, HA

Published Date

  • May 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 88 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 90 - 97

PubMed ID

  • 8707356

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8707356

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1365-2567

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0019-2805

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1046/j.1365-2567.1996.d01-646.x

Language

  • eng