The positive and negative consequences of multiple-choice testing.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Multiple-choice tests are commonly used in educational settings but with unknown effects on students' knowledge. The authors examined the consequences of taking a multiple-choice test on a later general knowledge test in which students were warned not to guess. A large positive testing effect was obtained: Prior testing of facts aided final cued-recall performance. However, prior testing also had negative consequences. Prior reading of a greater number of multiple-choice lures decreased the positive testing effect and increased production of multiple-choice lures as incorrect answers on the final test. Multiple-choice testing may inadvertently lead to the creation of false knowledge.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Roediger, HL; Marsh, EJ

Published Date

  • September 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1155 - 1159

PubMed ID

  • 16248758

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-1285

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0278-7393

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/0278-7393.31.5.1155


  • eng