Constipation as a reversible cause of ventriculoperitoneal shunt failure. Report of two cases.


Journal Article

Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt failure is a common problem encountered by pediatric neurosurgeons. The majority of such failures are due to obstruction of the device. Conditions in which intraabdominal pressure is chronically elevated, such as pregnancy, have been associated with shunt failure. Chronic constipation may also result in abnormally elevated intraabdominal pressure and may be an underrecognized cause of distal VP shunt failure. The authors describe the cases of two children who presented with clinical and imaging evidence of VP shunt failure and who were also severely constipated. Treatment of their constipation resulted in both clinical and imaging-documented resolution of their shunt failure.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Powers, CJ; George, T; Fuchs, HE

Published Date

  • September 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 105 / 3 Suppl

Start / End Page

  • 227 - 230

PubMed ID

  • 16970237

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16970237

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3085

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3171/ped.2006.105.3.227


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States