Identification of risk and age-at-onset genes on chromosome 1p in Parkinson disease.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We previously reported a linkage region on chromosome 1p (LOD = 3.41) for genes controlling age at onset (AAO) in Parkinson disease (PD). This region overlaps with the previously reported PARK10 locus. To identify the gene(s) associated with AAO and risk of PD in this region, we first applied a genomic convergence approach that combined gene expression and linkage data. No significant results were found. Second, we performed association mapping across a 19.2-Mb region centered under the AAO linkage peak. An iterative association mapping approach was done by initially genotyping single-nucleotide polymorphisms at an average distance of 100 kb apart and then by increasing the density of markers as needed. Using the overall data set of 267 multiplex families, we identified six associated genes in the region, but further screening of a subset of 83 families linked to the chromosome 1 locus identified only two genes significantly associated with AAO in PD: the gamma subunit of the translation initiation factor EIF2B gene (EIF2B3), which was more significant in the linked subset and the ubiquitin-specific protease 24 gene (USP24). Unexpectedly, the human immunodeficiency virus enhancer-binding protein 3 gene (HIVEP3) was found to be associated with risk for susceptibility to PD. We used several criteria to define significant results in the presence of multiple testing, including criteria derived from a novel cluster approach. The known or putative functions of these genes fit well with the current suspected pathogenic mechanisms of PD and thus show great potential as candidates for the PARK10 locus.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Oliveira, SA; Li, Y-J; Noureddine, MA; Zuchner, S; Qin, X; Pericak-Vance, MA; Vance, JM

Published Date

  • August 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 77 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 252 - 264

PubMed ID

  • 15986317

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC1224528

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9297

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1086/432588


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States