Quantitation and significance of 125I-calmodulin binding to myosin light chain kinase and phosphorylase distributed on polyacrylamide gels.
Glycogen phosphorylase (a or b) binds 125I-calmodulin in a Ca2+-dependent manner, in the 125I-calmodulin overlay technique. This binding is quantitatively identical to 125I-calmodulin binding to myosin light chain kinase. In an in vitro assay, calmodulin stimulates phosphorylase activity at limiting concentrations of either glucose-1-phosphate or glycogen, but the Ka is 1000 fold higher than for the kinase, and is not Ca2+-dependent. Activation of phosphorylase, but not myosin light chain kinase, by calmodulin can be mimicked by troponin C or bovine serum albumin. These results demonstrate that the properties of calmodulin interaction with proteins can vary between the 125I-calmodulin technique and a functional assay of calmodulin effect on the same protein.
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