Cooperative regulation of cell proliferation by calcium and calmodulin in Aspergillus nidulans.


Journal Article

Calcium and calmodulin have been widely implicated in the control of cell proliferation. We have created a strain of the genetically tractable filamentous fungus, Aspergillus nidulans, that is conditional for calmodulin expression. This was accomplished by replacing the unique endogenous calmodulin gene with one regulated by the inducible alcohol dehydrogenase (alcA) gene promoter by homologous recombination. This strain cannot grow when the cells are incubated in medium containing a carbon source that represses the alcA promoter. Characterization of the arrested cells shows that 83% are blocked in the G2 phase of the cell cycle. The block is due to very low levels of calmodulin and is fully reversible upon changing to medium that contains an inducer of the alcA promoter. The rate of cell proliferation in this strain is dependent upon both the intracellular calmodulin and extracellular Ca2+ concentrations. Raising the calmodulin concentration by inducing the alcA promoter not only causes the cells to enter the proliferative cycle more quickly and to grow faster, but also decreases the concentration of extracellular Ca2+ required to support growth by 10-fold, as compared with cells grown in noninducing medium. Thus both the intracellular calmodulin and extracellular Ca2+ concentrations are important and interactive factors in regulating the nuclear division cycle of Aspergillus nidulans.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lu, KP; Rasmussen, CD; May, GS; Means, AR

Published Date

  • March 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 365 - 374

PubMed ID

  • 1584213

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1584213

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0888-8809

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1210/mend.6.3.1584213


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States