A colorimetric gold nanoparticle sensor to interrogate biomolecular interactions in real time on a surface.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This paper presents a new label-free optical method to study biomolecular interactions in real time at the surface of an optically transparent substrate. The method relies on the change in the absorbance spectrum of a self-assembled monolayer of colloidal gold on glass, as a function of biomolecular binding to the surface of the immobilized colloids. Using this approach, we demonstrate proof of principle of a label-free optical biosensor to quantify biomolecular interactions in real time on a surface in a commercially available UV-visible spectrophotometer and of a colorimetric end-point assay using an optical scanner. The spectrophotometric sensor shows concentration-dependent binding and a detection limit of 16 nM for streptavidin. The sensor is easy to fabricate, is reproducible in its performance, has minimal technological requirements, namely, the availability of an UV-visible spectrophotometer or an optical scanner, and will enable high-throughput screening of biomolecular interactions in real time in an array-based format.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nath, N; Chilkoti, A

Published Date

  • February 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 74 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 504 - 509

PubMed ID

  • 11838667

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-6882

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-2700

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/ac015657x


  • eng