Quantification of gas denucleation and thrombogenicity of vascular grafts.
In vitro methods were developed to measure the air content of vascular graft walls and the thrombogenicity of this air. Gas content (volume %) of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts from different sources ranged from 75.5 +/- 0.4% to 61.8 +/- 0.3%. Exposure of Vitagraft ePTFE to a vacuum prior to saline immersion replaced 87.5% of the gas nuclei with saline (denucleation). Acetone and ethanol immersion produced 98.9% and 94.3% denucleation, respectively. Denucleation was essentially complete when vacuum exposure was followed by hydrostatic pressure treatment at 500 psig or greater. The influence of gas content on thrombogenicity was determined by immersing graft samples in whole canine blood and weighing the adherent thrombus. Denucleation significantly reduced adherent thrombus weight compared with control grafts (p less than 0.001). Air in Vitagraft walls was responsible for 84% of the adherent thrombus weight at four minutes. The described methods could be employed to assess the hemocompatibility of various biomaterials.
Bensen, CV; Vann, RD; Koger, KE; Klitzman, B
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