Prognostic effect of bundle branch block related to coronary artery bypass grafting.
The incidence and prognostic effect of the development of new perioperative ventricular conduction abnormalities were examined in all patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery at Duke University Medical Center between 1976 and 1981. Of the 913 patients included, transient (resolved before discharge) ventricular conduction abnormalities developed in 156 (17%) and persistent (until discharge) changes developed in 126 (14%). Complete right bundle branch block (BBB) was the most frequent type of new ventricular conduction abnormality, followed by left anterior hemiblock and incomplete right BBB (found in 60%, 26%, and 9%, respectively, of all patients with transient changes and 29%, 33% and 26% of all patients with persistent changes). Development of new ventricular conduction abnormalities was most strongly related to date of operation (p less than 0.0001, univariate chi 2 = 122), increasing from 2% transient and 7% persistent in 1976 to 36% transient and 22% persistent in 1981. The incidence was also higher in older patients. Preoperative ejection fraction and number of diseased vessels were related to development of perioperative ventricular conduction abnormalities but were not independently related after adjustment for other baseline characteristics. Contrary to findings in other studies, development of new perioperative ventricular conduction abnormalities, including isolated new left BBB, did not worsen the survival rate in patients followed up to 3 years after surgery.
Chu, A; Califf, RM; Pryor, DB; McKinnis, RA; Harrell, FE; Lee, KL; Curtis, SE; Oldham, HN; Wagner, GS
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