Fine structure mapping of CIAS1: identification of an ancestral haplotype and a common FCAS mutation, L353P.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS) is an autosomal dominant inflammatory disease with a high degree of penetrance that is characterized by episodes of rash, arthralgia, fever, conjunctivitis, and leukocytosis after generalized exposure to cold. FCAS was previously mapped to a 10-cM region on chromosome 1q44, and subsequently the gene ( CIAS1) responsible for FCAS was identified. In this paper, we describe the physical and genetic mapping of the FCAS locus, and we report a large ancestral haplotype and a new disease-causing mutation. A BAC contig of approximately 3 Mb was developed and subsequently used for high throughput sequencing. We identified a critical region of 4 cM using rare crossover events in four large North American FCAS families. An unusually large shared haplotype (40 cM) was identified in three of the four families. We found a single heterozygous missense mutation (T1058C=L353P) in exon 3 of CIAS1 in all four families that is responsible for the large majority of FCAS cases described in the literature. We also report a comprehensive list of intragenic single nucleotide polymorphisms. The data provided here will assist others researching the 1q44 region and will aid clinicians in the diagnosis of FCAS.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hoffman, HM; Gregory, SG; Mueller, JL; Tresierras, M; Broide, DH; Wanderer, AA; Kolodner, RD

Published Date

  • February 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 112 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 209 - 216

PubMed ID

  • 12522564

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0340-6717

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00439-002-0860-x


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Germany