Estimating the incidence of typhoid fever and other febrile illnesses in developing countries.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

To measure the incidence of typhoid fever and other febrile illnesses in Bilbeis District, Egypt, we conducted a household survey to determine patterns of health seeking among persons with fever. Then we established surveillance for 4 months among a representative sample of health providers who saw febrile patients. Health providers collected epidemiologic information and blood (for culture and serologic testing) from eligible patients. After adjusting for the provider sampling scheme, test sensitivity, and seasonality, we estimated that the incidence of typhoid fever was 13/100,000 persons per year, and the incidence of brucellosis was 18/100,000 persons per year in the district. This surveillance tool could have wide applications for surveillance for febrile illness in developing countries.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Crump, JA; Youssef, FG; Luby, SP; Wasfy, MO; Rangel, JM; Taalat, M; Oun, SA; Mahoney, FJ

Published Date

  • May 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 539 - 544

PubMed ID

  • 12737736

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2972755

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1080-6040

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3201/eid0905.020428


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States