A comparison of ondansetron with promethazine for treating postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients who received prophylaxis with ondansetron: a retrospective database analysis.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: There are little data on the efficacy of antiemetics for treating postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients who received prior PONV prophylaxis. METHODS: In this retrospective database analysis, we compared the efficacy of ondansetron with that of promethazine for treating PONV in adults receiving general anesthesia who failed ondansetron prophylaxis. RESULTS: Three thousand sixty-two patients received ondansetron and 752 received promethazine after failure of ondansetron prophylaxis. The complete response (no PONV and no further rescue) was 68% after administration of promethazine and 50% after ondansetron administration (P < 0.0001). There was no difference in complete response between 6.25 mg and higher doses of promethazine. CONCLUSIONS: Promethazine was significantly more effective than ondansetron for treating PONV after failed ondansetron prophylaxis. Promethazine 6.25 mg was as effective as higher doses.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Habib, AS; Reuveni, J; Taguchi, A; White, WD; Gan, TJ

Published Date

  • March 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 104 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 548 - 551

PubMed ID

  • 17312206

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17312206

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1526-7598

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1213/01.ane.0000252433.73485.be

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States