Survival after HLA-identical allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell and bone marrow transplantation for hematologic malignancies: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
The impact of peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) on survival relative to bone marrow transplantation (BMT) remains poorly defined. Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing HLA-matched related PBSC- and BMT for patients with hematologic malignancies have been published, yielding differing results. We conducted a meta-analysis of published RCTs to more precisely estimate the effect of PBSCT on survival. Seven trials that assessed survival were identified and included in our analysis. Using a fixed effects model, and combining the results of all seven trials, the summary odds ratio for mortality after PBSCT was 0.81 (95% CI, 0.62-1.05) when compared to BMT. Subgroup analysis revealed no association between the median PBSCT 34+ cell dose and relative risk for morality after PBSCT. However, there was an association between the proportion of patients enrolled with advanced-stage disease and the summary odds ratio for mortality. The pooled estimate was 0.64 for studies where patients with intermediate/advanced disease comprised at least 25% of enrollment, and was 1.07 for the studies enrolling a smaller proportion. This finding substantiates results from previously published studies that have demonstrated a survival advantage with PBSCT limited to patients with advanced disease.
Horan, JT; Liesveld, JL; Fernandez, ID; Lyman, GH; Phillips, GL; Lerner, NB; Fisher, SG
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