Mutation spectrum of 2-chloroethyl methanesulfonate in Drosophila melanogaster premeiotic germ cells.
The 2-chloroethyl methanesulfonate (2ClEMS)-induced alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) null germline mutation frequency in treated Drosophila melanogaster second instar larval gonia was two orders of magnitude greater than the spontaneous mutation frequency. DNA sequence analysis of 83 Adh null mutations showed that 40 mutations of independent origin were at 23 sites in the Adh gene. The mutation spectrum contained only GC-->AT transitions with 35 mutations (87.5%) at the middle or 3' guanine. In addition, characteristics of glutathione (GSH)-mediated bioactivation were determined for 2ClEMS in vitro. Rates of GSH-mediated conjugation, catalyzed by purified rat liver glutathione-S-transferase (GST), and binding of [35S]GSH-mediated conjugation products to calf thymus DNA were determined for 2ClEMS, 1,2-dichloroethane (EDC) and 1,2-dibromoethane (EDB). The relative rates of GSH-mediated conjugation were the following: 5 mM EDB > 40 mM 2ClEMS > 40 mM EDC. A similar trend was observed for DNA binding of the [35S]GSH-mediated conjugation products when differences in mutagen concentration were considered: EDB > 2ClEMS > EDC. The ratios of DNA binding to GSH conjugation calculated for EDB, EDC and 2ClEMS were 6.8 x 10(-5), 9.3 x 10(-5) and 19.1 x 10(-5), respectively. A narrow range, less than a 3-fold difference, in the ratios of DNA binding to GSH conjugation indicates that the bioactivation of 2ClEMS is mediated by the same mechanism as EDB and EDC. Consequently, 2ClEMS, EDC and EDB may induce a specific mutation in premeiotic germ cells.
Fossett, NG; Byrne, BJ; Tucker, AB; Arbour-Reily, P; Chang, S; Lee, WR
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)