Relationship of extent of revascularization with angina at one year in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI).
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relative degree of revascularization obtained with bypass surgery versus angioplasty in a randomized trial of patients with multivessel disease requiring revascularization (Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation [BARI]), one-year catheterization was performed in 15% of patients. BACKGROUND: Complete revascularization has been correlated with improved outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) but not with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Relative degrees of revascularization after PTCA and surgery have not been previously compared and correlated with symptoms. METHODS: Consecutive patients at four BARI centers consented to recatheterization one year after revascularization. Myocardial jeopardy index (MJI), the percentage of myocardium jeopardized by > or =50% stenoses, was compared and correlated with angina status. RESULTS: Angiography was completed in 270 of 362 consecutive patients (75%) after initial CABG (n = 135) or PTCA (n = 135). Coronary artery bypass grafting patients had 3+/-0.9 distal anastomoses and PTCA patients had 2.4+/-1.1 lesions attempted at initial revascularization. At one year, 20.5% of CABG patients had > or =1 totally occluded graft and 86.9% of vein graft, and 91.6% of internal mammary artery distal anastomotic sites had <50% stenosis. One year jeopardy index in surgery patients was 14.1+/-11%, 46.6+/-20.3% improved from baseline. Initial PTCA was successful in 86.9% of lesions and repeat revascularization was performed in 48.4% of PTCA patients by one year. Myocardial jeopardy index one year after PTCA was 25.5+/-22.8%, an improvement of 33.8+/-26.1% (p<0.01 for greater improvement with CABG than PTCA). At one year, 29.6% of PTCA patients had angina versus 11.9% of surgery patients, p = 0.004. One-year myocardial jeopardy was predictive of angina (odds ratio 1.28 for the presence of angina per every 10% increment in myocardial jeopardy, p = 0.002). Randomization to PTCA rather than CABG also predicted angina (odds ratio 2.19, p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: In this one-year angiographic substudy of BARI, CABG provided more complete revascularization than PTCA, and CABG likewise improved angina to a greater extent than PTCA.
Whitlow, PL; Dimas, AP; Bashore, TM; Califf, RM; Bourassa, MG; Chaitman, BR; Rosen, AD; Kip, KE; Stadius, ML; Alderman, EL
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