Colonoscopy withdrawal time and risk of neoplasia at 5 years: results from VA Cooperative Studies Program 380.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: Withdrawal time (WT) has been proposed as a quality indicator for colonoscopy based on evidence that it is directly related to the rate of adenoma detection. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that baseline WT is inversely associated with the risk of finding neoplasia at interval colonoscopy. METHODS: In all, 3,121 subjects, aged 50-75 years, had screening colonoscopy between 1994 and 1997 at 13 Veteran Affairs Medical Centers. In all, 1,193 subjects returned by protocol for surveillance within 5.5 years. In the 304 patients without polyps at baseline, we evaluated the contribution of baseline WT to their risk of interval neoplasia using bivariate and logistic regression analysis. We also examined the correlation between mean WT, baseline adenoma detection rate, and interval neoplasia rate at the medical-center level. RESULTS: The average WT at the baseline exam in subjects with neoplasia on follow-up was 15.3 min as compared with 13.2 min in subjects without neoplasia (P=0.18). In a logistic regression model, WT was not associated with the risk of interval neoplasia (P=0.07). At the medical-center level, mean WT was not correlated with the probability of finding interval neoplasia (P=0.61) but was positively correlated with adenoma detection rate at baseline (P=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: In this study with a mean baseline WT &12 min, there was no detectable association between WT and risk of future neoplasia. The medical center-level WT was positively correlated with adenoma detection. Therefore, above a certain threshold, WT may no longer be an adequate quality measure for screening colonoscopy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gellad, ZF; Weiss, DG; Ahnen, DJ; Lieberman, DA; Jackson, GL; Provenzale, D

Published Date

  • August 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 105 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 1746 - 1752

PubMed ID

  • 20234348

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20234348

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1572-0241

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/ajg.2010.107

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States