Molecular analysis of spontaneous nephrotropic anti-laminin antibodies in an autoimmune MRL-lpr/lpr mouse.
To explore the genetic relationship between anti-laminin and anti-DNA autoantibodies (autoAb), VH gene and gene family expression were determined among autoAb derived from an individual 6-mo-old MRL-lpr/lpr mouse. Whereas 85% of the anti-DNA Ig were identified by one of two VH family probes, 7183 and VHJ558, none of the anti-laminin antibodies (Ab) examined were recognized by these probes. Subsequent V region sequence analysis of three of the anti-laminin Ab revealed that they in fact utilized a J558 VH gene (VH50). Furthermore, FR2 and CDR2 oligonucleotide probes complementary to VH50 recognized multiple anti-laminin Ab by Northern blot analysis; the FR2 probe recognized two control anti-DNA Ab, but neither probe recognized anti-DNA Ab from the same mouse. Polymerase chain reaction amplification of MRL-lpr/lpr genomic liver DNA using primers generated from VH50 and Vk50 sequences indicated that all three anti-laminin Ig have a single replacement mutation in both their VH and Vk genes. Search of the nucleic acid databases revealed that both germline VH and Vk genes are expressed unmutated by murine lupus anti-dsDNA autoAb, previously sequenced in other laboratories. Sequence comparisons suggest that differences in anti-DNA and anti-laminin reactivity may be dependent upon somatically generated differences in the CDR3 regions of the H and L chains. The results indicate that lupus anti-laminin Ab can arise from distinct B cell populations but express the same unmutated germline V region genes as lupus anti-dsDNA autoAb. They further raise the possibility that these distinct B cell populations may be activated and expanded either: independently, by distinct Ig receptor ligands such as the Ag, laminin and DNA; or simultaneously, by a common ligand such as an anti-Id recognizing a common V region epitope.
Foster, MH; Sabbaga, J; Line, SR; Thompson, KS; Barrett, KJ; Madaio, MP
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