Memorial consequences of multiple-choice testing on immediate and delayed tests.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Multiple-choice testing has both positive and negative consequences for performance on later tests. Prior testing increases the number of questions answered correctly on a later test but also increases the likelihood that questions will be answered with lures from the previous multiple-choice test (Roediger & Marsh, 2005). Prior research has shown that the positive effects of testing persist over a delay, but no one has examined the durability of the negative effects of testing. To address this, subjects took multiple-choice and cued recall tests (on subsets of questions) both immediately and a week after studying. Although delay reduced both the positive and negative testing effects, both still occurred after 1 week, especially if the multiple-choice test had also been delayed. These results are consistent with the argument that recollection underlies both the positive and negative testing effects.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fazio, LK; Agarwal, PK; Marsh, EJ; Roediger, HL

Published Date

  • June 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 407 - 418

PubMed ID

  • 20516221

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4094137

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-5946

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0090-502X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3758/mc.38.4.407


  • eng