Intranasal vaccination with the recombinant Listeria monocytogenes ΔactA prfA* mutant elicits robust systemic and pulmonary cellular responses and secretory mucosal IgA.
We previously showed that recombinant (r) Listeria monocytogenes carrying ΔactA and a selected prfA* mutation (r-Listeria ΔactA prfA*) secreted >100-fold more immunogen in broth culture than wild-type r-Listeria or r-Listeria ΔactA and elicited much greater cellular and humoral immune responses than r-Listeria ΔactA after intravenous vaccination of mice. Here, we conducted comparative studies evaluating vaccine-elicited immune responses in systemic and mucosal sites after intranasal, intravenous, intraperitoneal, or subcutaneous immunization of mice with r-Listeria ΔactA prfA* vaccine candidates. Intranasal vaccination of mice with r-Listeria ΔactA prfA* vaccine candidates elicited a robust gamma interferon-positive (IFN-γ(+)) cellular response in systemic sites, although intravenous or intraperitoneal immunization was more efficient. Surprisingly, intranasal vaccination elicited an appreciable pulmonary IFN-γ(+) cellular response that was nonstatistically higher than the magnitude induced by the intravenous route but was significantly greater than that elicited by subcutaneous immunization. Furthermore, although intranasal r-Listeria ΔactA prfA* delivery induced poor systemic IgG responses, intranasal vaccination elicited appreciable secretory immunogen-specific IgA titers that were similar to or higher in mucosal fluid than those induced by subcutaneous and intravenous immunizations. Thus, intranasal vaccination with r-Listeria ΔactA prfA* appears to be a useful approach for eliciting robust systemic and pulmonary cellular responses and measurable secretory mucosal IgA titers.
Qiu, J; Yan, L; Chen, J; Chen, CY; Shen, L; Letvin, NL; Haynes, BF; Freitag, N; Rong, L; Frencher, JT; Huang, D; Wang, X; Chen, ZW
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